Many people are unaware of the possible effects of cannabis on the muscular system. They may think it will help them relax, but there are serious consequences to using it. Some may develop a muscle disease such as stress cardiomyopathy or even cardiovascular complications. In addition to these concerns, it may cause disruption to sleep patterns. If this is something you are concerned about, there are tips to reduce the risk of developing the condition.
The effects of cannabis on the muscular system are diverse. It may have a pro-coagulant effect, inhibit cardiac parasympathetic innervation, and may affect myocardial oxygen supply. These effects have been found to be related to a number of different conditions, and they can be associated with heart disease. This review aims to provide a basic understanding of these effects and their potential pathophysiological implications.
The effects of cannabis on the muscular system can include palpitations and arrhythmias. In young, healthy marijuana users, this can lead to cardiomyopathy. However, it is not clear why it causes these problems. Some experts speculate that it is because of the increase in carboxyhemoglobin levels, which can impair myocardial oxygen supply.
The cardiovascular effects of cannabis are mostly attributed to the hyperadrenergic state. The state causes microreentrant tachycardia and reduces the action potential duration. Consequently, it increases the risk of ventricular arrhythmias.
Several case reports have linked marijuana to acute myocardial infarction (MI). Many of these cases have been of young male patients. They have reported ST segment elevation and ventricular tachycardia. Others have reported thrombus formation and total arterial occlusion.
In addition to tachycardia, marijuana can also trigger atrial fibrillation. This type of arrythmia can recur after every exposure to cannabis.
A study from the French Addictovigililance Network examined a large cohort of cannabis-related cases between 2006 and 2010. The average age of these patients was 24 years. Angiograms showed a proximal atheromatous lesion in several of these cases. Several of the patients were also diagnosed with obliterative arteritis.
In the United States, heart disease is the leading cause of mortality. Cardiovascular disease is associated with diabetes and obesity. Cannabis use, which is linked to weight gain, can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.
A cross-sectional study of marijuana users from the National Inpatient Sample database revealed that the proportion of cardiomyopathy increased significantly. Interestingly, this increased risk was not seen among those who had no CVD risk factors.
In addition, a study of six young adults who died after marijuana use indicated that THC levels were present in postmortem serum samples. Those who had been diagnosed with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy or coronary artery occlusion were more likely to have been cannabis users.
The sedative effect of cannabis on the muscular system is not well understood. There are multiple hypotheses to explain this effect. However, one theory suggests that cannabis causes a shortened action potential. A shortened action potential means that the arteries may become more prone to rupture. Several studies have linked marijuana use to increased risks of MI and stroke.
Many studies suggest that chronic use of marijuana results in a decrease in circulatory responses to exercise. This decrease is due to a decrease in sympathetic activity.
However, the effects of THC and CBD on the muscular system are not well studied. Some people who take these substances report decreased sleepiness, while others experience stimulating effects.
The most important sedative effect of cannabis on the muscular systolic pressure is the reduction of resting heart rate. The effects of cannabis on the arousal system, such as increasing blood pressure and heart rate, may be additive.
Using cannabis as an analgesic is also a known benefit. It is known to reduce pain in patients suffering from chronic pain. In addition, it has been shown to relieve stress and anxiety.
Various reports have shown that cannabis can be associated with ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes. Although the cause remains unknown, it appears that cannabis-related ischemic strokes are characterized by a predilection for the posterior circulation.
Several other reports have suggested that cannabis may be involved in the development of acute coronary syndrome. These include a case of fatal ventricular fibrillation in a 29-year-old heart transplant patient. Another reported case involved sildenafil and cannabis in combination.
As with many drugs, the sedative effect of cannabis on the muscular and cardiovascular systems is unclear. Further research is necessary to establish the effects of long-term cannabis consumption.
If you are considering using marijuana, it is best to seek out information from a medical professional. If you are already taking sedatives, you may want to stop using them before using marijuana. Withdrawal symptoms can include muscle tremors, anorexia, and anxiety. You should also be aware that some of these symptoms can occur very quickly.
Disruption of sleep patterns
The effects of cannabis on the muscular system can have a dramatic effect on sleep patterns. Researchers are still trying to pin down the exact mechanism.
A recent study analyzed the use of marijuana as a sleep aid among 21,729 adults. It found that moderate consumption of weed improved the chances of getting a decent night’s sleep by 47 percent. However, the effects of weed on sleep aren’t limited to the bedroom.
One of the most interesting findings was the role of the endocannabinoid system. This system is a major player in sleep, regulating the cycle of night and day. THC, a psychoactive ingredient of cannabis, binds to CB1 receptors, which have long been thought to regulate sleep processes and cycles. But it is not as effective when used for prolonged periods of time.
Another intriguing bit of research was the polygenic risk-prediction method. The main nexus in this system is the suprachiasmatic nucleus. While the CB1 receptors have been shown to have a role in regulating the sleep-wake cycle, they weren’t as effective when used for prolonged periods of time.
As far as the best way to achieve a good night’s sleep goes, the most obvious suggestion is to avoid substances that disrupt your sleeping schedule. In addition to cannabis, alcohol and cocaine are also known to keep users up at night. And don’t forget the oh so common opioids.
There’s no question that a good night’s sleep is essential to living a happy, healthy and productive life. That said, a lack of sleep is associated with many negative health consequences, from higher blood pressure to weight gain. Even worse, sleep deprivation is linked to increased risks of cardiovascular disease, dementia and even depression. For this reason, a few million Americans suffer from some form of sleep disorder. So, the next time you’re considering the merits of cannabis for a night out, remember the effects of weed on your sleep. Ultimately, the decision is yours to make. To learn more about the benefits of cannabis as a sleep aid, talk to your doctor.
The effects of cannabis on the muscular system and cardiovascular complications have been a topic of debate in the medical community. Marijuana use has been linked to stress cardiomyopathy, an increase in heart rate, and other adverse effects on the cardiovascular system. In addition, researchers have suggested that cannabis can influence the hemostasis systems. However, further studies are needed to understand the full extent of its harmful effects.
Several studies have reported the occurrence of cardiovascular complications after prolonged or high doses of cannabis. These include cardiovascular thrombosis, ventricular fibrillation, atrial ischemia, and limb ischemia. While a few studies have found associations between marijuana use and ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke has rarely been reported.
A case study performed by Ntlholang et al showed that cannabis can induce hyperplasia and stenosis of the tunica media of the cerebral arteries. They also reported that postmortem toxicological testing revealed the presence of D9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
Marchetti et al performed a narrative review of the literature to investigate the temporal association between cannabis smoking and CVD. Their findings were that the prevalence of CVD among patients with chronic cannabis use was significantly higher than among those who never used the drug. Moreover, they found that a greater number of cannabis-related CVD complications occurred in men.
In an investigation of the seriousness of CV complications in 1979 cannabis-related cases, a higher proportion of those who died were male than women. Additionally, a higher percentage of the CVD cases involved cardiac complications than peripheral arteriopathies and CVD.
Other investigations have found that the incidence of CVD among daily users of cannabis is significantly higher than that of non-users. However, the risk appears to decrease after a period of use.
It is important to increase awareness of the potential for recurrent cardiovascular attacks among cannabis users. Research efforts should address the administration of the drug, as well as the underlying mechanisms that cause the adverse effects. As more states legalize cannabis, physicians may encounter a greater number of patients with CVD.
Increased awareness of the cardiovascular complications of cannabis is necessary to reduce the burden on health services. Physicians and patients should be informed about the possibility of recurrent cardiac attacks and seek treatment accordingly.