The skeletal system plays an important role in human health. It consists of the bones and the bone marrow, which produces red blood cells essential for oxygen transport and white blood cells crucial for immunity.
Recent research has shown that cannabis may have an impact on the skeletal system, and in particular bone density and fracture rates. These findings are exciting and suggest that the endocannabinoid system (ECS) may play a key role in bone health.
Bones are in a constant state of change, with new bone created to replace old bone that is broken down and removed. However, as we age, bone loss is more rapid than it can be replaced with new bone, which is why bones become porous and brittle.
There is a risk that heavy cannabis use can lead to weakened bones, increasing the risk of fractures and osteoporosis. A study from the University of Edinburgh found that people who used marijuana heavily (more than 5,000 times over a lifetime) had significantly lower bone density than those who never smoked.
The researchers studied 114 patients who were admitted to an inner city general practice in Scotland between 2011 and 2014. They measured their total hip bone mineral density, spine bone mineral density and body mass index.
They also tested their blood levels of calcium, phosphorus and other nutrients. They also looked at their bone turnover rate and the amount of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, a hormone that helps protect bones from injury.
Those who used marijuana heavily had lower bone density and higher fracture rates than those who never used it. They also had lower body mass index and lower concentrations of calcium and phosphorus.
These results suggest that marijuana can negatively impact bone health, both directly and indirectly by affecting BMI. The authors say that heavy cannabis use may increase the risk of osteoporosis and fractures, which is an important concern for patients with these conditions.
The researchers recommend that heavy users of cannabis talk to their doctors about these findings and undergo a bone density test. They said that it is important to understand that the effects of cannabis on bone health are not yet known in human beings, and that more research is needed to determine whether the substance can have a direct impact on the skeletal system.
A fracture happens when something hits a bone with enough force that the bone breaks (fractures often occur in bones of large weight-bearing structures, such as the spine). There are three kinds of fractures: greenstick fracture, hairline fracture, and impacted fracture.
Fractures are usually more serious than bone bruises. They also take more time to heal than bruises. This is because the broken bone can’t heal by itself, and it may need help from a doctor.
Besides pain, fractures can cause bleeding, compartment syndrome, fat embolism, and infection. In rare cases, shock can result from a severe bleeding injury.
In most cases, a fracture heals by creating a callus (a protective layer of tissue) that bridges over the crack. This callus is made of collagen, an elastic fiber that’s very strong and helps to support the bone’s shape.
Researchers in Israel have found that a non-psychoactive component of cannabis, cannabidiol (CBD), helps to improve fracture healing. In fact, CBD helps to stimulate the expression of a particular enzyme, Plod1, that increases the activity of lysine hydroxylase, an important enzyme that promotes collagen crosslinking.
According to researchers at Tel Aviv University’s Sackler Faculty of Medicine, when a group of rats with induced mid-femoral fractures were administered CBD alone or in a mixture of THC and CBD, the broken bones healed much quicker than the untreated control animals. This was even true if the animal’s bones were broken repeatedly.
The research showed that both types of marijuana helped to stimulate the synthesis of protein compounds and enzymes that are needed for bone repair. The study also revealed that CBD significantly reduced the size of the fracture callus after four weeks.
Heavy cannabis use is a significant risk factor for low bone density and osteoporosis, so it’s best to avoid it if possible. But if you’re already at risk, regular monitoring of your bone density with a DEXA scan test can help to ensure that your bones are healthy.
The impact of cannabis on the skeletal system can be significant, especially as it affects a process called “bone remodeling.” Bones are constantly changing, replacing old bone with new. When this process is disrupted, the bones become less dense and weaker. This is known as osteoporosis. It is most common in postmenopausal women, and is often treated with medicines that build up the bones, or with lifestyle changes like getting regular exercise and stopping smoking.
Marijuana may also make it more difficult to produce testosterone, a key hormone that is associated with bone density. This could increase your risk of osteoporosis.
You can get a test that shows how well your bones are building up by taking dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scans. These tests can help your doctor diagnose osteoporosis, and can be used to treat the condition.
Researchers found that heavy users of marijuana had lower bone density than non-users, which is considered a significant risk factor for osteoporosis. The study, published in the journal PLOS ONE, examined 170 people who used the drug for recreation and 114 non-users.
The study’s lead researcher, Stuart Ralston, said it was “a bit of a concern” that using large amounts of cannabis could have an adverse effect on bone health. He explained that the people who smoked a lot had a lower body weight and a reduced body mass index, which could contribute to thinning their bones.
He added that this is a big worry for heavy users, who are at higher risk of developing osteoporosis and bone fractures in later life. They should try to quit smoking or cut back on their cannabis use, he said.
Another factor that is likely to influence your bone health is the type of medications you take, he told Live Science. These include teriparatide and abaloparatide, which are drugs that work like estrogen to maintain good bone health.
In addition, smoking tobacco and drinking alcohol can make it harder for your body to produce the right amount of bone-building nutrients. These nutrients are called calcium and vitamin D, and they help keep your bones strong. Your doctor can order a test to find out if you are losing bone mineral density, and help you make lifestyle changes that can strengthen your bones.
The impact of cannabis on the skeletal system is a matter of great interest to researchers. As the number of people using cannabis grows, they are keen to understand how it affects the body and what effects may occur as a result.
A growing number of studies have shown that cannabis can impact on the skeletal system in a variety of ways. For example, it can impair motor coordination and judgment and increase the risk of injury when driving or operating machinery.
In addition, it can interfere with memory and concentration and affect the way the brain processes information. It can also lead to psychiatric problems such as anxiety, delusions and hallucinations.
Heavy use of marijuana over a lifetime can lead to reduced bone density, researchers have found. It has been linked to an increased risk of osteoporosis and fractures in the future.
Among heavy users of the drug, those who had used it more than 5,000 times during their lives had a five percent lower bone density than non-users. They also had a lower body weight and BMI than non-users, according to the study published in the journal Calcif Tissue International.
It is also thought that cannabis can negatively impact the immune system, allowing other substances to attack the skeleton. For instance, rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes inflammation of the joints. This inflammation damages the lining of the joints and reduces their ability to move smoothly.
While it is not known why cannabis can damage the skeletal system, it may have negative effects on bone formation and strength, says Professor Stuart Ralston. He is a professor at the University of Edinburgh’s Centre for Genomic and Experimental Medicine, who led the study.
The effects of cannabis vary from person to person, depending on the amount and frequency of use. Some users have a euphoric experience, while others feel tense, anxious or fearful.
A recent study showed that certain compounds in cannabis can act on the CB1 receptor to promote bone formation and decrease osteoporosis in mice. The compounds also prevented the accumulation of fat in the bones, which is a feature of osteoporosis.