Training techniques can help cannabis plants grow larger, stronger buds that are more uniform in size. It also helps control the canopy structure, reduces risk of powdery mildew and mold, and increases overall yield.
Some methods of training are more intensive than others, but all are effective if used at the right times and under the right conditions. The key to successful training is ensuring the plant has enough time to recover and heal after each technique.
Whether you’re a newbie or an experienced grower, there are certain techniques that can improve your cannabis harvest. These include training, pruning, trellising, and harvesting methods that can be used to increase yields in a variety of ways.
The first step in determining which technique is right for your garden is to consider your goals and priorities. For example, if you’re looking to maximize harvest quantities, then you might want to consider low stress training techniques (LST).
LST is a hands-on method that involves gently manipulating the plant growth structure in order to improve light penetration and CO2 flow to lower branches. It can be applied during both the vegetative and flowering stages, but it is most effective during the early veg stage.
Another low-stress training technique is topping, which involves removing the growing tip of the cannabis plant to promote the development of two main colas. While this is a riskier method that requires some knowledge, it can boost yields and make the plant stronger and more stable.
Topping is best performed in the early veg stage, when the plant is still growing, but can be done later on as well. This will help slow the vertical growth of the cannabis plant’s main stalk, making it more structurally sound and prepared to support a heavy yield.
For more hands-on training methods, many growers find the Screen of Green method helpful. This is a similar approach to the low-stress training technique, but it also involves manually bending the marijuana plant at various points in its vegetative cycle.
The screening technique can be used in both indoor and outdoor grow spaces. However, it should be used in areas where the potential odor of cannabis isn’t as high as it could be outdoors.
Cloning is a common way to propagate marijuana plants, and can be performed in a number of different ways. Water cloning, which involves sticking the cut end of a clone into a small body of water like a glass or bowl and waiting for roots to form, is one of the most popular ways to clone a plant.
The use of proper light exposure in cannabis cultivation can result in more effective and higher quality growth. In order to achieve this, growers should focus on exposing their plants to the right hours of light and dark in conjunction with the proper photosynthetic active radiation (PAR) light spectrum at the proper growth stage.
For example, during the seedling stage, a full-spectrum light cycle is recommended for 18 hours a day to ensure the plant develops healthy leaves and roots. This will help the plant avoid nutrient deficiencies and stunted growth in the vegetative phase, where it can last up to 16 weeks.
During this stage, the cannabis plant has to prepare itself for the transition into the flowering cycle. During this time, the plants will undergo changes in their photoreceptors and secondary plant metabolites.
These alterations in the way the cannabis plant is able to absorb and utilize the light spectra will affect the growth of the plant, and can have a direct impact on the amount of THC and other cannabinoids present in the final product. This can be beneficial in a variety of ways, including making the cannabis buds more potent and increasing the yield of the crop.
However, the exact effects of varying the spectral properties of lights on the plant are still not fully understood. The influence of a narrow light spectrum on plant growth and development has been studied for decades, but the relationship between the light wavelengths and plant morphology, biomass, secondary metabolite synthesis and accumulation is just beginning to be investigated by growers and lighting manufacturers.
The horticultural industry is now using a new generation of LEDs and hydroponic systems that can be used to produce the most efficient light for each growing stage. With these new methods, growers will be able to optimize their indoor greenhouses or grow rooms for optimal cannabis growth and production. The knowledge and techniques that are being developed will be used to maximize cannabinoid yields, while lowering operating costs. This will be especially important as the cannabis industry continues to expand and become more lucrative.
Defoliation is the process of removing excess leaves from a plant in order to improve its health and yield. It can be performed using a variety of tools, including a sharp cutter, shears or secateurs.
A well-managed defoliation program can be very beneficial for a number of different crops. In particular, cotton, cowpeas and some palms all benefit from careful defoliation during their growing seasons.
In most cases, defoliation is done in order to increase the overall production of a crop. It can be done by a grower or by the natural environment, and it has been proven to increase a plant’s yield by up to 50 percent.
The best time to defoliate a crop depends on several factors, including plant maturity and the weather conditions in the field. If a crop is defoliated too early, it may suffer from poor quality and lower yields.
On the other hand, if a crop is defoliated too late, it may be more susceptible to pest problems. Additionally, it may delay harvest into bad weather, which can affect yield and profit.
It is also important to note that defoliation is a sensitive process and can have serious consequences if performed incorrectly. A grower should always use a defoliation tool that can handle the job properly and safely.
Some growers believe that removing leaves during the growing season is harmful to the plant, but research has shown that defoliation actually provides several benefits for many plants.
Removing leaves allows light to penetrate deeper into the plant and can also help to encourage denser flowers. It also helps to improve airflow around a crop, which can reduce temperature and humidity issues.
However, a grower must be sure to remove only a small percentage of the canopy in order to avoid affecting growth. Removing too much foliage can also have negative effects on a plant’s ability to absorb nutrients.
When it comes to cannabis cultivation, it is best to defoliate only during the flowering stage, preferably once the plant has entered this stage and started to develop buds. This way, the buds will be exposed to the best possible light source and will have the opportunity to mature into dense, strong buds that can be harvested.
Pruning refers to the targeted removal of parts of a plant, tree or vine that are not requisite to growth or production. It is often used as a preventive maintenance measure against insect and disease damage.
It can also be applied to plants that are too tall or have grown wildly out of control. This allows growers to create a more balanced growth pattern for their plants, which can lead to better harvests.
There are several different pruning techniques that can be used to make your cannabis garden more productive. These include pinching stem tips, root pruning, and more.
Pinching back or pruning tops (terminal buds) promotes the development of growing shoots immediately below it, which can increase a plant’s yield. This technique also helps the plant diffuse floral hormones to lower branches that are closer to it.
Another important aspect of pruning is removing long branches that grow downward from the base of the plant, or suckers, which can be harmful. These are a major energy drain on a plant and can be a safety hazard for the grower or anyone else who may walk by.
Suckers can also be dangerous to humans or infrastructure, so it’s always important to remove them.
The most common type of pruning is the apical cut, which removes the upper apex of a plant. This is done to force the plant to develop lower branches and produce more flowers.
It’s recommended that this be done with sterile pruning tools, since infection from the apical cuts can cause the plant to stop producing flowers. This also makes it difficult for the plant to recover, and can lead to a reduced flowering cycle.
Apical pruning can be done on both indoor and outdoor cannabis crops. It is a necessary step that all cultivators should take to optimize the growth of their plants.
It can be a very stressful task for some cultivators, but it is essential for a healthy plant. It’s important to perform this procedure as soon as the leaves start to turn yellow and brown. This will allow the plant to focus on more vital parts of its growth, which will help to reduce stress and prevent the plant from developing sickly leaves.