You’ve seen those beautiful buds on your cannabis plant, and wondered what causes them to look so small? The answer can be found in several different factors. However, many of the most common are related to overwatering and overfeeding. It’s important to understand the potential causes so you can ensure your plants are healthy and strong.
Hermaphroditism is a condition that occurs in Cannabis sativa L. that produces female and male inflorescences on different plants. It is not an exclusive characteristic of cannabis. However, some strains are more sensitive to hermaphroditism than others.
The genetics of hermaphroditism are poorly understood. Studies have shown that the frequency of seed formation increases in hermaphrodite flowers during indoor production.
In addition, environmental conditions have also been associated with hermaphroditism. Stress factors affect phytohormone levels and therefore affect flowering.
A genetic study examining the presence of hermaphrodite inflorescences on the same plants showed that there was a significant correlation between the presence of hermaphroditism and the percentage of polymorphic loci. The percentage of polymorphic loci ranged from 44 to 72% in hermaphroditic populations.
Genetic variation was measured by Shannon’s index values and the effective number of alleles. Both measures were calculated for the cross-fertilized and hermaphroditic populations.
For hermaphroditic populations, the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was assumed. This equilibrium is dependent on the proportion of male to female sex expression.
Pollinated flowers have greater concentrations of terpenes and essential oils compared to unfertilized flowers. They also release more pollen. Seeds are produced on hermaphroditic inflorescences and these seeds are transferred to female seedlings.
In addition, hermaphroditism can be caused by pruning during flowering. Likewise, external environmental stresses can increase staminate flower formation. If these factors are present, the quality of the harvested flower will be reduced.
Although hermaphroditism is not an exclusive feature of Cannabis sativa, hermaphrodite plants can be more difficult to grow. Moreover, they are likely to produce unwanted seeds. Hence, cultivators must recognize the signs of hermaphroditism.
Since hermaphroditism in marijuana can be genetic, researchers need to study the genes underlying hermaphroditism to determine its origin.
Over-feeding and over watering
Over-feeding and over-watering cannabis buds is a common mistake. While it’s easy to fall into this trap, it’s important to take measures to avoid this from occurring. If left unchecked, overfeeding and over-watering can lead to an overabundance of nutrients, which can be damaging to the plant. Symptoms of over-feeding and over-watering include a variety of issues, from stunted growth and brittle leaves to root damage and a decreased crop yield.
Nutrient burn is a condition that occurs when plants receive too much of a particular nutrient, or a number of nutrients. These nutrients are then accumulated as salts in the growth medium. Depending on the type of nutrients involved, a nutrient burn can be a real pain for your plants.
The best way to avoid a nutrient burn is to check the ppm (parts per million) of the nutrients you are giving your marijuana plants. This will let you know exactly how much to give them.
You should also pay close attention to the pH of the water you use. Each plant species has a specific pH range that it prefers. A pH of less than 5 is considered non-plant friendly.
Ideally, you should choose a growing medium that is slightly acidic, like soil. However, you can also try using a hydroponic solution. Using a pH meter is a good way to ensure the pH of your grow medium is in the right range for your cannabis.
It’s also a good idea to use a TDS (parts per million) meter to determine the proper nutrient concentration for your cannabis. If you’re just starting out, you’ll want to follow the recommended ppm ranges, which are often accompanied by a nutrient availability chart.
Poor water and nutrient delivery
When it comes to growing cannabis, you have to be careful. You don’t want to overwater or overfeed your plants, because this will stunt their growth and reduce the amount of buds they produce.
Aside from water, nutrients are crucial to the overall health of your cannabis plant. If you don’t supply them with enough, your plants will start to grow slowly, suffer from root rot, or show signs of nutrient burn.
The first sign of a nutrient burn is the burnt-looking tips of your leaves. However, there are other indications of a nutrient burn.
In the grow room, it is important to keep the air circulation flowing to prevent the spread of harmful diseases. Also, you should regularly check your plants.
Keeping a hygrometer can help you make sure your plants get the proper amount of water and nutrients. Another good idea is to collect run-off water and place it in a saucer or tray underneath your plant containers.
If you do not have a hygrometer, you can use hydrogen peroxide to kill the bacteria that cause root rot. It is easy to do and it works quickly.
One of the most common grow room problems is overwatering. Overwatering is a simple mistake that can affect your plant’s growth and final harvest.
The most common way to overwater is to add more water to a medium that already has too much moisture. This can leave your plants with weak stems and wilting leaves.
On the other hand, if you don’t have too much moisture in the soil, your marijuana plants will be able to absorb the nutrients needed to grow strong and healthy.
Over-watering can cause cannabis plants to rot their roots, kill smaller plants, and reduce yields. The best way to prevent this from happening is to follow a few simple guidelines.
First, make sure your plant is potted in the right size container. Too small a pot will prevent the roots from absorbing the water they need.
Second, stick a finger into the soil about an inch deep and see if the soil is moist. If it is dry, then stop watering the plant.
Similarly, a hygrometer will help you measure the moisture level in your grow medium. If it shows that your growing medium is over-watered, remove it and repot the plant into a bigger pot filled with dry soil.
During the flowering phase of your plant, you may need to water more frequently. In a hydroponic setup, the temperature of the water can also be a contributing factor.
Besides promoting mold and pests, over-watering can also destroy the root system. Fungus gnats love damp environments. It’s difficult to get rid of the fungus once it’s colonized the root.
When your plant’s roots have rotted, they won’t be able to absorb nutrients from the soil. This can lead to a dramatic decrease in yield.
Root rot can cause cannabis plants to suffer from stunted growth, slow respiration, and poor mineral uptake. In addition to preventing the plant from achieving its full genetic potential, it can also lead to permanent injury.
Inexperienced growers can easily make the mistake of over-watering their plants. To avoid this, keep a log of your watering habits. By doing so, you will be able to observe patterns in your watering and adjust your schedule accordingly.
The majority of growers look for the ideal time to harvest their cannabis crop. However, there are several factors to consider when determining the best time to do so.
The first is the cannabinoid content of the marijuana plant. When you harvest too early, you are depriving your cannabis buds of their potency. In contrast, if you wait until the cannabis is fully mature, you will increase the amount of cannabinoids in the buds.
You can also determine when to harvest by checking the trichomes on the buds. Trichomes are resin-bearing glands that are part of the calyx of the flower. They are tiny, and they carry THC and other cannabinoids.
There are three types of trichomes. One is a glandular trichome, which contains most of the resin. Another is a translucent trichome, which indicates that the resin production is not yet at its peak.
If the trichomes are clear, it means that the bud is still in its early stages. It should not be harvested if the trichomes are milky, or they will be brittle.
However, if the trichomes are opaque, it means that the resin production has reached its maximum. Therefore, the buds should not be harvested until all the trichomes have turned amber. This will decrease the kick of tetrahydrocannabinol and will enhance the sleep-inducing cannabinoids.
Although you may be tempted to cut the buds before they have finished flowering, the risk of rot and mould is greater. Similarly, if you don’t wait until the buds are fully ripe, they may have a sour taste.
Some home growers look for the transition from clear to cloudy trichomes, which is another indicator of a weed’s readiness for harvesting. Unlike the other methods, trichomes are more consistent.